Immigrants to places where FGM is not practiced may take the custom with them, and people who move into a location where it is practiced may adopt it. Global trends and determinants of prevalence, safety and acceptability" PDF. Article last updated on Mon 15 May People practice it because it is something that their mothers, grandmothers and great grandmothers had practiced. In these cultures, a woman may be punished, perhaps violently, if the community leaders deem that she was not virginal at the time of consummation of her marriage. The World Health Organization estimates that one-third of the world's men are circumcised. Fakhruddin Attar and Farida Attar, who are accused of assisting Nagarwala.
Surgery Offers Hope for Victims of Female Genital Mutilation
The Scientific World Journal. Where is it performed? Slavery in the Arab World. Genitoplasty Hysterectomy Hysterotomy Pelvic exenteration Uterine artery embolization Transplantation. Djibouti Archived at the Wayback Machine. The origins of the practice are unclear, with historians citing evidence of it in Egyptian mummies and in the fifth century BC. Objectives To study female genital mutilation and its effect on female sexual function, Alexandria, Egypt
Effect of female genital mutilation on female sexual function, Alexandria, Egypt - ScienceDirect
In , the WHO proposed its first classification based on four types of practice according to the anatomical extent of the cutting Table 1 WHO, , In some countries, such as Egypt and Malaysia, governments and certain associations have unfortunately considered that performing FGM in this way offers an acceptable solution. In most countries, the form of mutilation most often reported is cutting with or without removal of tissue: Consequently, international organizations dealing with these issues have become closely involved since the s. FGM is carried out for various cultural, religious and social reasons within families and communities in the mistaken belief that it will benefit the girl in some way for example, as a preparation for marriage or to preserve her virginity. All women and girls have the right to control what happens to their bodies and the right to say no to FGM. These medical services, generally referred to as rehabilitation or reconstruction, aim to treat women in cases where the adverse effects of FGM on their quality of life have been recognized and denounced Abdulcadir et al.
Wat is de relatie tussen klimaat, migratie en vei twitter. It may be performed as a part of traditional customs, such as those in the Pacific Islands and the Philippines. Susan Brink is a freelance writer who covers health and medicine. These insecurities are forced upon women by their partners and other women as well. It is nearly always carried out on minors and is therefore a violation of the rights of children. When a vaginal opening is covered or narrowed [as is the case in the more extreme forms of FGM], the fear of the pain of opening it, and the fear that this will be found out, is expected to further discourage 'illicit' sexual intercourse among women with this type of FGM," says the WHO.